Archive for July 2011

The Copyrights Compensation

July 28, 2011


Levy is created by over 25 countries to impose fees that can compensate those asking to be paid for their work and creativities. The problem with these regulations that impose fees is the assumption that these products will be used in one, and only one direction. For example, imposing levies on the blank-CD assume that these blank CDs will be used only to copy music that was created by someone for personal use (private use). Also, with such regulations to be applied, a proper methods has to be implemented to make sure that these levies are proportional to the amount of lose that is caused by violating the copyrights laws (Delahunty, 2008).

Why Copyrights and Levies

Copyrights maintain the relationship between the rights of creators to restrict the public rights to access their work, and also maintain the public in any society to have an easy access to the materials of these creators from a public domain. The Copyright Acts should be maintained to be able to keep the public domain as an available source of materials for any creator. Also, Copyright Acts has to be clear enough for normal citizens to understand what they can and cannot do with related copyrights issues. The current laws were able to tackle the issues with many copyright violation activities, however many of these laws are ambiguous, and didn’t cover or ignored many bad practices toward the copyright violation activities. For example; recording shows/movies from the TV to be viewed later, or passed to others to view it (Warren, 2009).

I’m also having a difficult time understanding the concept of sending such levies on blank CDs and other media to the artiest who has been affected by copying the work on these CDs. Do we really trust the collective agencies that are working on behalf of the creators to actually compensate these creators for their work? Also, the levies are applied to certain media, and ignoring the fact there are other media that came into our lives these days and has been used to violate the copyrights such as portable hard drives, and memory sticks.

For all of the above reasons, a public place has to be designated as a public domain for people to be able to copy, and do other activities without being worried about violating the Copyright Act (Warren, 2009).

Wallerstein (1993) stated that the Intellectual property rights (IPRs), such as patents and copyrights are essential laws in our society that help protect inventors through the government regulations. These government instruments helped increase the development, innovations, and economic growth. However, IPRs constantly raising the cost of the new inventions and restrict its availability. This may discourage inventors from further progress by preventing other entities from developing new innovations that might be based on the original innovation.

The above problem created a conflict policy between the objective of providing an incentive to the inventors, and the objective of the rapid progress of technology innovation. Also has an impact on the economic interests; and eliminate the incentive that motivates different organizations to create a rapid growth to our economy.

Wallerstein (1993) also raised many concerns about applying the IPR laws within a certain country that follows a national systems while it can’t be applied to other countries unless the company or the inventor obtain the IPR protection in certain country. For that reason a uniform worldwide Intellectual Property rights system has to be established. That solution will give the inventors the protection they need worldwide.   

Another important point to be raised; is the variations of different values of such levies from one country to another is a big concern. For example, there are big differences between the levy systems in European Union that can vary from no levies in a place likeEnglandto many levies in a place likeGermany(Wallerstein, 1993).

Finally, I found it to be so hard to maintain the boarder line between enforcing the copyright Acts, and the exemption that allowed too many entities such as educational exceptions, libraries, archives and museums, and the private use. How do you enforce these laws without invading the privacy of these entities? Also pre-Internet days were a lot easier to enforce the laws of the copyrights, with the different technologies that exist on the internet such as the e-mail systems and instant messages that have the ability to exchange files, music and others; it is so hard to enforce such laws with all of the different communications tools surrounding our societies.


Copyright Acts exist to give an exclusive rights to the inventors/creators to their work, and to eliminate any illegal activities based on such acts. Copyrights grant the economic rights for the inventors/creators to earn a living from their work, and also grant authorship to such inventors.

Finally, in trying to accomplish the above goal, some levies are applied to certain copyrights to compensate inventors for using their work for private use, educational purposes, or any other legal usage that can violate the Copyright Acts. However, in collecting such fees, there is no guarantee that such collection can be used to benefit the inventors/creators; also there is no such guarantee that their work will be used only within the boundaries that inventors will be compensated for.  


Delahunty, J. (2008). European Commission to examine copyright levy [Online]. Available from: (Accessed: 23 October 2009).

Warren, L. (2009). Copyright Consultations [Online]. Available from: (Accessed: 23 October 2009).

Wallerstein, M. (1993) Global Dimensions of intellectual Property Rights in Science and Technology, National Academies [Online]. Available from: (Accessed: 23 October 2009).